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Acne, a common skin condition, is known for causing pesky pimples that typically appear on your face. These breakouts occur due to clogged pores. While acne is most often associated with teenagers and young adults undergoing hormonal changes, it can affect people of all ages. Fortunately, there are treatments available to clear your skin and prevent scarring, and GleuhrClinic , Skin Clinic in Chandigarh ,is here to guide you through the process.

How to Get Rid of Acne Types, Causes, Treatment


Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a common skin condition characterized by clogged pores leading to the formation of various types of pimples, including blackheads, whiteheads, and painful cysts. At Gleuhr Clinic, where you get best Anti-Acne treatment in Chandigarh, we understand the impact of acne on your skin and self-esteem.

Types of Acne:

Whiteheads (Closed Comedones): These are small, raised bumps with a white or flesh-coloredcenter. They occur when hair follicles are clogged with oil and dead skin cells.

Blackheads (Open Comedones): These are similar to whiteheads but have a black or dark brown appearance due to exposure to air. They too result from clogged hair follicles.

Papules: Papules are small, red, inflamed bumps that can be tender to the touch. They are caused by inflammation and infection of the hair follicles.

Pustules: Pustules are similar to papules but contain pus. They are often red at the base with a yellow or white center.

Nodules: Nodules are large, painful, solid lumps beneath the surface of the skin. They develop when clogged, swollen hair follicles cause deep breakouts.

Cysts: Cysts are painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the skin’s surface. They are the most severe form of acne and can leave scars.

Who is Prone to Acne?

While acne can affect individuals of all ages, it’s most common among teenagers and young adults undergoing hormonal changes. “It’s worth noting that adult acne is also prevalent, especially among women and individuals with a family history of acne”, suggested by Dt Gagan Sidhu, Gleuhr, Skin Clinic at Chandigarh

How Common is Acne?

You are not alone if you struggle with acne. It is the most prevalent skin condition, with approximately 80% of people between the ages of 11 and 30 experiencing at least a mild form of acne. Gleuhr is one of the best Clinic serving Anti-acne treatments in Chandigarh.

Common Areas for Acne Breakouts

Acne most commonly appears on the face, forehead, chest, shoulders, and upper back—areas where oil glands are more abundant.

What Triggers Acne?

Various environmental factors can worsen acne or contribute to breakouts. These include wearing tight-fitting clothing, exposure to air pollution, using oily personal care products, high-stress levels, certain medications, and the habit of picking at acne.

Symptoms and Causes

Causes of Acne:

Understanding the underlying causes of acne is crucial for effective treatment and prevention. Some common causes include:

Excess Sebum Production: An increase in sebum (skin oil) production can clog hair follicles and lead to acne.

Bacterial Infection: The bacterium Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) can infect clogged pores, leading to inflammation and the formation of pimples.

Hormonal Changes: Fluctuations in hormones, such as those that occur during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, or when using certain medications, can trigger acne.

Dietary Factors: Consuming a diet high in sugar and processed foods may exacerbate acne in some individuals.

Genetics: If your parents or close relatives had acne, you may be more prone to it.

Cosmetic Products: Some makeup and skincare products can clog pores and worsen acne.


Preventing acne involves adopting a consistent skincare routine and making some lifestyle adjustments:

Cleansing: Wash your face twice daily with a gentle cleanser to remove excess oil and dirt.

Moisturizing: Use a non-comedogenic moisturizer to keep your skin hydrated without clogging pores.

Sun Protection: Apply sunscreen daily to protect your skin from UV damage, which can worsen acne.

Diet: Consume a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains while minimizing sugary and processed foods.

Stress Management: Stress can exacerbate acne, so practice stress-reduction techniques like meditation and yoga.

Avoiding Harsh Products: Choose skincare and makeup products labeled as non-comedogenic or oil-free.

Treatment Options:

There are wide range of effective acne treatments tailored to your specific needs. These may include:

Topical Treatments: Prescription and over-the-counter creams, gels, and lotions containing ingredients like benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or retinoids can help unclog pores and reduce inflammation.

Oral Medications: Antibiotics, hormonal therapies (like birth control pills), and isotretinoin (Accutane) may be prescribed for more severe cases of acne.

Chemical Peels: These treatments use acids to exfoliate the skin, helping to unclog pores and reduce the appearance of acne scars.

Laser and Light Therapies: Innovative treatments like laser therapy and photodynamic therapy can target and destroy P. acnes bacteria and reduce inflammation.

Extraction: In-office procedures like comedone extraction can safely remove blackheads and whiteheads.

Diet and Acne

Diet can play a role in the development and management of acne, although its impact can vary from person to person. While the relationship between diet and acne is complex and not fully understood, several factors are believed to contribute to the connection:

High-Glycemic Foods: Foods that are high on the glycemic index (GI), such as sugary and processed carbohydrates, can cause rapid spikes in blood sugar levels. This can lead to increased insulin production, which, in turn, may stimulate the production of skin oils and contribute to the development of acne. Reducing the consumption of high-GI foods may help some individuals manage acne.

Dairy Products: Some studies suggest a potential link between dairy consumption, particularly skim milk, and an increased risk of acne. It’s believed that hormones and growth factors present in dairy may influence acne development. Reducing or eliminating dairy from the diet might be beneficial for some people with acne.

Fatty Acids: Omega-3 fatty acids found in foods like fatty fish, flaxseeds, and walnuts have anti-inflammatory properties and may help reduce skin inflammation associated with acne. On the other hand, excessive consumption of omega-6 fatty acids, found in many processed and fried foods, may promote inflammation.

Antioxidants: A diet rich in antioxidants, found in fruits and vegetables, can help protect the skin from damage caused by free radicals. This may support overall skin health and potentially reduce acne symptoms.

Hydration: Staying well-hydrated is important for overall skin health. Drinking plenty of water helps maintain skin’s moisture balance and can contribute to clearer skin.

Food Allergies and Sensitivities: In some cases, certain food allergies or sensitivities can trigger skin reactions, including acne. Identifying and avoiding specific trigger foods may be necessary for these individuals.

Hormones and Acne: Hormones, especially androgens like testosterone, play a significant role in acne development. Hormonal changes during puberty and menstrual cycles can trigger breakouts. Hormone therapy and contraceptives are sometimes used to manage hormonal acne.

Diagnosis and Tests: Diagnosing acne typically involves a skin examination by a healthcare provider. They may also inquire about stress levels, family history, menstrual cycles (for women), and current medications. Diagnostic tests are generally unnecessary for acne but may be considered for severe, sudden outbreaks.

Who Treats Acne: Both general healthcare providers and dermatologists can diagnose and treat acne. If your acne proves resistant to initial treatments, a dermatologist’s expertise can provide additional guidance.

Acne Severity: Dermatologists categorize acne into different grades based on severity, ranging from mild (whiteheads and blackheads) to severe (painful, inflamed pustules and nodules). The severity dictates the choice of treatment.

At-Home Acne Care: You can support your acne treatment with a simple at-home skincare routine. This includes daily cleansing, using oil-free moisturizers, avoiding makeup products with alcohol, and refraining from popping or picking at pimples.

Safety During Pregnancy: Many acne treatments are not safe during pregnancy. If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, it’s crucial to consult your healthcare provider to discuss safe acne management options.

Duration of Acne Treatment: The duration of acne treatment varies, with mild cases often resolving within one to two weeks. However, severe acne may take longer to clear, even with treatment. Consistency in treatment and patience are key.

Prevention: While you can’t completely prevent acne, adopting good skincare habits can reduce your risk. Washing your face daily, using oil-free products, and avoiding touching your face are some preventive measures.

Outlook and Prognosis: Acne often diminishes in early adulthood, but it can persist. Gleuhr Clinic provides effective treatments targeting underlying causes. The right treatment may vary among individuals, so we tailor our recommendations to your unique needs.

Acne Scarring: Acne can sometimes lead to scarring when it penetrates deeper layers of the skin. Gleuhr Clinic offers various treatments to address acne scarring and minimize its impact on your skin.

Impact on Mental Health: Acne can have a profound impact on mental health and self-esteem. If acne causes anxiety or

hinders your social life, don’t hesitate to reach out to a healthcare provider or mental health professional for support.

Living With Acne: If you notice pimples, it’s essential to seek treatment early to prevent scarring. If at-home skincare doesn’t yield results, Gleuhr Clinic is here to help. Remember, acne is temporary, and with the right treatment, your skin can regain its health and clarity.

When to See a Healthcare Provider: Visit a healthcare provider as soon as you notice pimples to initiate treatment and prevent scarring. If your current acne treatment proves ineffective or causes skin irritation, consult a provider for alternative options.

At Gleuhr Clinic, skin clinic in Chandigarh we are dedicated to helping you achieve clear and healthy skin. Acne may be challenging, but with the right guidance and treatment, you can regain your confidence and enjoy the beautiful skin you deserve. Don’t hesitate to reach out to us for expert advice and personalized care.

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